HOW TO WRITE AN OUTSTANDING SCIENCE RESEARCH PAPER

The steps and basic elements that make writing research papers fun and easy

Writing a science research paper can seem like a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be. Breaking the paper down to its basic elements creates easier steps to completing the assignment. The first step in writing an outstanding science research paper is finding a topic that is exciting to you. Look at any sports, hobbies or interests to find topics for example: If you are a runner, you might want to research the effects of energy drinks on performance during long distance races. Or perhaps you write poetry and want to research the effects of smoking on creativity.

More topic ideas:

  • How spending time on a hobby an hour before bed influences sleep patterns.
  • Can working out for 15 minutes at lunch increase productivity at work?
  • Will reading at least one chapter of a romance novel daily improve a person’s mood?
  • Individuals doing yoga at least one day a week, are they happier than individuals that don’t?
  • Analyze the success of poker players who drink coffee/soda versus those poker players that drink water.

The Steps - Making It Fun

Once you have your topic in mind, you can begin to outline your research paper. Decide exactly what question you want to answer and why that question is important. The question will likely dictate what research method you will use to answer the question. For some of the topics mentioned earlier, you can use secondary research. There is a wealth of information on runner performance, if that is the topic you choose. But for other topics, such as reading a chapter of a romance novel, you might need to conduct your own experiment. Writing notes on possible methods and collecting your overall thoughts on the outcome makes a great starting point. Gather your research information however you wish and organize the information to fill in the heart of your paper.

  • Find your topic
  • Outline your paper
  • Take notes
  • Do the research
  • Write the paper

The Basic Elements - Making It Easy

Scientific research papers follow stricter guidelines than other types of papers. You will need to include the title, a summary of what is included in the paper as well as what research methods you are using.

Elements to include:

  • Title
  • Abstract/Summary – A paragraph or two discussing the question you are asking, the method used to answer the question, what you expect the answer to be and the answer you discovered after conducting your research.
  • Research method – What research method did you use and why. Research methods include: secondary from articles or white papers, first-person surveys, first-person interviews, experiments.
  • Expectations – What is your hypothesis or what are you expecting to find? For example, do you expect that working out for 15 minutes at lunch will improve or increase productivity at work? If so, why do you expect that outcome?
  • Results – What actually happened at the end of your research? What was the answer to your question and why did you find that answer?
  • After the results – Give your interpretation of the results and wrap up the paper with a conclusion.
  • References/Citations – Lastly, if you used any articles or white papers, or even another person’s research paper, you must properly give them credit. (Refer to AP style for proper citation guidelines.)

Any research paper, even scientific ones, can be fun and easy when done in steps and broken down to their basic elements. First and foremost, find a topic and a question your are excited about!